The Hyksos, The Exodus, Moses, The 18th Egyptian Dynasty, 1 Kings 6:1, and Josephus
Ages of the Patriarchs with Scriptural references
1. Shem son of Noah
Septuagint Genesis Chapter 11:10 Sem/Shem was a 100 years old when Arphaxad was born, the second year after the flood. Seder Olam says 2 years - Josephus says 12 years.
Masorete Genesis Chapter 11:10 Shem was a 100 years old.
Septuagint Genesis Chapter 11:11 And Sem lived after the birth of Arphaxad, 500 years
Masorete Genesis Chapter 11:11 also says 500 years
Note: Shem lived until he was 600 years old - but there is a 2 year discrepancy in relation to the flood when Noah was 600 years old, (Septuagint: Genesis 8:13) at which time Shem was 100 years old,- but - Arphaxad was born 2 years after the flood. Josephus: Antiquities Bk 1 Chapter Six says 12 years after the flood.
2. Arphaxad/Arpachshad son of Shem
Septuagint Genesis Chapter 11:12 Arphaxad was 135 when Cainan was born Genesis Chapter 11:13 Arphaxad lived after the birth of Cainan, 400 years. And Cainan lived a 130 years and had Sala; and Canaan lived another 330 years.
Masorete Genesis Chapter 11:12 Arpachshad lived 35 years, and Shelah was born.
Seder Olam Rabbah Arpachshad was 35 years old when Shelah born.
Josephus:Antiquities Bk 1 Chapter 6:5 Arphaxad fathered Sala at 135 years of age
Masorete Genesis Chapter 11:13 Arpachshad lived 403 years after Shelah's birth.
Arphaxad/Arpachshad lived a total of:
Septuagint: 535 years or 438 years depending on the issue of Cainan/Canaan's identity. Cainan/Canaan lived 460 years.
Arphaxad lived 438 years No mention of Cainan/Canaan
Seder Olam Rabbah Arphaxad lived 438 years.
3. Shelah/Sala son of Arphaxad
Septuagint Genesis Chapter 11:14 Sala was 130 years old when Heber was born.
Masorete Genesis Chapter 11:14 And Shelah was 30 years old when Eber was born.
Seder Olam Rabbah Shelah was 30 years old when Eber was born.
Josephus:Antiquities Bk 1 Chapter 6:5 Sala fathered Heber at 130 years of age
Septuagint Genesis Chapter 11:15 And Sala lived a further 330 years after Heber's birth.
Masorete Genesis Chapter 11:15 Shelah lived a further 403 years.
Shelah/Sala lived a total of:
460 years Septuagint
433 years Masorete
430 years Seder Olam
4. Eber/Heber son of Shelah/Sala
Septuagint Genesis Chapter 11:16 And Heber was 134 when Phaleg was born.
Masorete Genesis Chapter 11:16 Eber 34 years old.
Seder Olam Rabbah Eber was 34 years old
Josephus:Antiquities Bk 1 Chapter 6:5 Heber fathered Phaleg at 134 years of age.
Septuagint Genesis Chapter 11:17 Heber lived 270 years after Phaleg's birth.
Masorete Genesis Chapter 11:17 Eber lived 430 years after Peleg's birth.
Heber lived a total of:
404 years Septuagint
464 Years Masorete
464 Seder Olam.
How long did the Patriarchs live?
Patriarchal ages when their sons were born.
5. Phaleg/Peleg son of Eber/Heber
Septuagint Genesis Chapter 11:18 Phaleg was 130 years old when Ragau was born.
Masorete Genesis Chapter 11:18 Peleg was 30 years old when Reu was born.
Seder Olam RabbahPeleg was 30 years old
Josephus:Antiquities Bk 1 Chapter 6:5 Phaleg fathered Ragau at 130 years of age.
Septuagint Genesis Chapter 11:19 Phaleg lived another 209 years.
Masorete Genesis Chapter 11:19 Peleg lived another 209 years.
Peleg/Phaleg lived a total of:
339 years Septuagint
239 years Masorete
239 Seder Olam
6. Ragau/Reu son of Phaleg/Peleg
Septuagint Genesis Chapter 11:20 Ragau was 132 years old when Seruch was born.
Masorete Genesis Chapter 11:20 Reu was 32 years old when Serug was born.
Seder Olam Rabbah Reu was 32 years old
Josephus:Antiquities Bk 1 Chapter 6:5 Ragau fathered Serug at 130 years of age.
Septuagint Genesis Chapter 11:21 Ragau lived another 207 years.
Masorete Genesis Chapter 11:21 Reu lived another 207 years.
Ragau/Reu Lived a total of:
339 years Septuagint
239 years Masorete
239 years Seder Olam
7. Seruch/Serug son of Ragau/Reu
Septuagint Genesis Chapter 11:22 Seruch was 130 years old when Nachor was born.
Masorete Genesis Chapter 11:22 Serug was 30 years old.
Seder Olam Rabbah Also records 30 years old for Serug.
Josephus:Antiquities Bk 1 Chapter 6:5 Serug had Nahor at 132 years of age
Septuagint Genesis Chapter 11:23 Seruch lived another 200 years.
Masorete Genesis Chapter 11:23 Serug lived another 200 years.
Seruch/Serug lived a total of:
330 years Septuagint
230 Years Masorete
230 years Seder Olam
8. Nahor/Nachor son of Serug/Seruch
Septuagint Genesis Chapter 11:24 Nachor was 179 years old when Tharrha was born.
Masorete Genesis Chapter 11:24 Nahor was 29 years old when Terah was born.
Seder Olam Rabbah Also says 29 years old
Josephus:Antiquities Bk 1 Chapter 6:5 Nahor fathered Haran at 120 years of age
Septuagint Genesis Chapter 11:25 Nachor lived another 125 years.
Masorete Genesis Chapter 11:25 Nahor lived another 119 years.
Nachor/Nahor lived a total of:
304 years Septuagint
148 years Masorete
148 years Seder Olam
9. Additional Verses relating to Terah father of Abraham.
Septuagint Genesis Chapter 11:26 Pharrha lived seventy years, and begot Abram, and Nachor, and Arrhan.
Masorete Genesis Chapter 11:26 And Terah lived seventy years, and begot Abram, Nahor, and Haran.
Josephus:Antiquities Bk 1 Chapter 6:5 Terah fathered Abram in his 70th year.
Septuagint Genesis Chapter 11:27 And these are the generations of Tharrha. Tharrha begot Abram and Nahor, and Arrhan; and Arrhan begot Lot.
Masorete Genesis Chapter 11:27 Now these are the generations of Terah. Terah begot Abram, Nahor, and Haran; and Haran begot Lot.
Septuagint Genesis Chapter 11:32 And all the days of Tharrha in the land of Charrhan were two hundred and five years, and Tharrha died in Charrhan.
Masorete Genesis Chapter 11:32 And the days of Terah were two hundred and five years; and Terah died in Haran
Josephus:Antiquities Bk 1 Chapter 6:5 Terah Lived to be 205 years old.
Addition information from Seth to Shem.
Seth was born when Adam was 230 years old. Josephus Antiquities Bk 1 Chapter 6: 130 years old Masorete Genesis 5:3
Enos was born when Seth was 205 years old. Josephus Antiquities Bk 1 Chapter 6: Enosh was 105 years old - Masorete Genesis 5:6
Cainan was born when Enos was 190 years old. Josephus Antiquities Bk 1 Chapter 6: Kenan was born when Enosh was 90 years old. Masorete Genesis 5:9
Malaleel was born when Cainan was 910/170 years old. Josephus Antiquities Bk 1 Chapter 6: Mahalalel was born when Kenan was 70 years old Masorete Genesis 5:12
Jared was born when Malaleel was 165 years old. Josephus Antiquities Bk 1 Chapter 6: 65 years in Masorete Genesis 5:15
Enoch was born when Malaleel was 162 years old. Josephus Antiquities Bk 1 Chapter 6: Jared was 162 years old when Enoch was born. Masorete Genesis 5:18
Mathusela was born when Enoch was 165 years old. Josephus Antiquities Bk 1 Chapter 6: 65 years Masorete Genesis 5:21
Lamech was born when Enoch was 187 years old. Josephus Antiquities Bk 1 Chapter 6: Methusela was 187 years old when Lamech was born Masorete Genesis 5:25
Noah was born when Lamech was 182 years old. Josephus Antiquities Bk 1 Chapter 6: Also 182 years Masorete Genesis 5:28
Shem was born when Noah was 500 years old. Josephus Antiquities Bk 1 Chapter 6: Apparently the same in Masorete Genesis 5:32
***There are some contradictions in here in relation to Malaleel and Mathusela. While possibly the fault of the translation used, contradictions are standard fare for Josephus.
The Principle of Linear Causality
The King's Calendar is a very simple approach to Biblical Chronology. It substitutes a value of 336 days for every year listed in Scripture. As far as the Divided Kingdom is concerned, when you use this 336 day year value, the synchronisms actually work. To see how effective this method is, SEE:Appendix 5: Diagrammatic Reconstruction of Israelite History from 936 to 586 BCE
Because it is a mathematical system, the King's Calendar must abide by certain mathematical rules, the most important of which, is that if you change any date for any day, month, or year every other day, month, or year is effected and must also change. It's like a 'domino effect'. Chronological references cannot be 'forced' to fit, and nor can they simply be ignored or 'compressed' as is the usual case with historians and archaeologists.
If any King's Calendar chronological determination disagrees with anything in the history books, it must argue the case as to why the history books are wrong, or why the evidence for an assertion is untrustworthy. If the King's Calendar successfully defends its' position, then the history books cannot be treated as definitive, and if the King's Calendar is 'proven' wrong, then every other chronological reference it provides is also wrong.
Because of this, the King's Calendar Chronological Reconstruction of Israel's history is unique, in that its' methodology can be scientifically (mathematically) tested and demonstrated to be either true or false. Its' chronological predictions are able to be 'proved' or 'disproved'.
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R.P.BenDedek is the owner and Editor of KingsCalendar.com which was originally set up to publicize his research results into the Chronology of Ancient Israel. Those results were published under the title: 'The King's Calendar: The Secret of Qumran'.
Whilst there have been many attempts to solve the chronological riddle of the Bible's synchronisms of reigns of the kings of Israel and Judah and their synchronism with other Ancient Near Eastern Nations, no other research is based on a simple mathematical formula which could, if it is incorrect, be disproved easily. To date, no one has been able to dismiss the mathematical results of this research.
Free to air Academic articles set forth Apologetics for and results of his discovery of an "artificial chronological scheme" running through the Bible, Josephus, the Damascus Documents of the Dead Sea Scrolls, and Seder Olam Rabbah.
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Dates for Nabopolassar & Nebuchadrezzar Kings of Babylon - and - Josiah and Jehoiakim Kings of Judah as per (Wiseman.D.J. (1961) Chronicles of the Chaldaean Kings (626-556 BC) in the British Museum. Trustees of the British Museum. London) Using Babylonian Chronicles B.M. 22047 (p.65) and BM 21946 (p.67) But with a one (1) year adjustment for the Reigns of Nabopolassar and Nebuchadrezzar.
607 bce - Sep - Nabopolassar engaged at Bit-Hanunia / Urartu - 18th year - B.M. 22047 Line 1-4
607 bce - Dec - Josiah's 31st year commences
607 bce - Dec/Jan - Nabopolassar returns to Babylon - B.M. 22047 Line 1-4
606 bce - May/Jun - Campaigning to the north - 19th year - B.M. 22047 Lines 5-7
606 bce - Jun/Jul - Nabopolassar returns to Babylon - B.M. 22047 Line 8
606 bce - Jul/Aug - Necho heads North for Carchemish
606 bce - Aug/Sep - Nebuchadrezzar returns to Babylon - B.M. 22047 Line 12
606 bce - Aug/Sep - Josiah of Judah slain
606 bce - Aug/Sep - Jehoahaz becomes king of Judah
606 bce - Sep/Oct - Nabopolassar Heads to Kimuhu - B.M. 22047 Line 12
606 bce - Nov - Nabopolassar captures Kimuhu - B.M. 22047 Line 14
606 bce - Nov - Jehoahaz deposed by Pharaoh Necho - taken to Riblah
606 bce - Nov - Jehoiakim commences - 1st Artificial year commences.
Topic 1. What is the Seder Olam Rabbah Topic 2. Seder Olam Chronological Chart : Adam to Abraham: Topic 3. Seder Olam & The 430 year Covenant with Abraham: Topic 4. Joseph in Seder Olam Rabbah: Topic 5. Seder Olam & The Pharaoh who knew not Joseph: Topic 6. Seder Olam & Israel Wandering in the Wilderness: Topic 7. 850 year/17 Jubilee Period, Joshua to Ezekiel's Vision in 14th year Exile: Topic 8. Comparative Chronologies:Seder Olam Rabbah, Josephus, Book of Judges: Topic 9. Ehud & 80 years of Peace - Judges 3:30 and Erroneous Biblical Chronology: Topic 10. Seder Olam:How Long was the Ark of the Covenant at Kiriath Jearim?: Topic 11. Seder Olam Rabbah's Confusing Chronology : Samuel, Saul and David: Topic 12: Seder Olam Chronological Discrepancies regarding Samuel, Saul & David. Topic 13: Apportioning the 63 years left for Samuel & Saul Topic 14: Seder Olam Rabbah : How many days in a Biblical year? Topic 15: Chronologies of Samuel,Saul, David & Solomon