Topical Study tool for Students: Samuel, Saul David This article has been designed for students as a quick study tool. It is a Topic Excerpt from Seder Olam Rabbah (No.5) Samuel, and Ark of the Covenant. In addition to the obvious contradiction in relation to the length of Samuel's judgeship [10 / 11 years], the data as presented in relation to the chronologies for Samuel and Saul are contested by Josephus, are doubtful when one examines the issue of how long the Ark of the Covenant was at Kiriath Jearim, and is self contradictory when considered in the light of the narratives which describe King Saul's activities throughout his reign.
Topic 11. Seder Olam Rabbah's Confusing Chronology
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The Seder Olam Rabbah attempt to provide a chronological order of events from the death of the priest Eli to the reign of King David generates problems.
The purpose of this article however, is merely to present the raw data for you to view.
What it says.
Eli governed Israel for forty years.
On the day of his death - the Ark was captured
"The ark of the Eternal was in the fields of the Philistines for seven months.
From the day the ark was installed at Kiriath Jearim, there were twenty years
He now calculates these 20 years
Subtract  seven years that David ruled over Judah at Hebron
Subtract  ten years for Samuel himself
Subtract  two years for Samuel and Saul.
At the beginning of these 20 years they brought the Tabernacle to Nob.
Even though the Ark of the Eternal was at Kiriath Jearim
They sacrificed at Nob for 13 years and 7 years at Gibeon. [Thus we have 20 years]
At the end of 20 years did David bring up the Ark of the Eternal to the house of Obed-Edom the Gittite (2 Sam. 6:11)
"and the Ark of the Eternal stayed in the house of Obed Edom the Gittite for three months."
Discussing Saul and his reign
(1 Sam. 13:1) "One year Saul was in his reign ..."
Samuel said to Saul when he anointed him (1 Sam. 10:8 ) "Descend before me to Gilgal ...
He descended the first year, smote Nahash the Ammonite, and Israel anointed him.
The second year he descended and did not keep his promise.
(l Sam. 13:13) "Samuel said to Saul; you acted foolishly, you did not keep the commandment of your God
At that time, [ie. Saul's 2nd year] David was anointed as it is said (1 Sam. 16:1)
when he was 29 years old.
Calculating Samuel's judgeship
Samuel lived only to be 52 years and a little [no mention of where 52 years come]
(1 Sam. 4:18 ): "He [Eli] had judged Israel for 40 years."
There are 13 years remaining.
Subtract from them one year for Hannah’s pregnancy
11 years for Samuel
1 year for Samuel and Saul, one gets 52 years.
Samuel died before the death of Saul about four months as it is said (1 Sam. 27:7): "The number of days that David dwelt in the fields of the Philistines were some days and four months."
Back to Discussing David's Reign
"Forty years was Ishbosheth when he became king and two years he ruled ..."
It turns out that the kingdom over Israel was vacant for 5 years.
(2 Sam. 5:3): "All the elders of Israel came to the king at Hebron ..."
At that time David was anointed a second time.
"Thirty years was David when he became king and forty years he ruled."
In addition to the obvious contradiction in relation to the length of Samuel's judgeship [10 / 11 years], the data as presented in relation to the chronologies for Samuel and Saul are contested by Josephus, are doubtful when one examines the issue of how long the Ark of the Covenant was at Kiriath Jearim, and is self contradictory when considered in the light of the narratives which describe King Saul's activities throughout his reign.
Since 2004 he has been writing academic articles, social commentaries and photographic 'Stories from China' both here at KingsCalendar, and formerly as a contributing columnist at Magic City Morning Star News (Maine USA) where from 2009 to 2015 he was Stand-in Editor. He currently has a column at iPatriot.com and teaches English to Business English and Flight Attendant College Students in Suzhou City Jiangsu Province People's Republic of China.)
BenDedek originally created the site to publicize his research results into the Chronology of Ancient Israel. Those results were published under the title: 'The King's Calendar: The Secret of Qumran.' Whilst there have been many attempts to solve the chronological riddle of the Bible's synchronisms of reigns of the kings of Israel and Judah and their synchronism with other Ancient Near Eastern Nations, no other research is based on a simple mathematical formula which could, if it is incorrect, be disproved easily. To date, no one has been able to dismiss the mathematical results of this research.
Free to air Academic articles set forth Apologetics for and results of his discovery of an "artificial chronological scheme" running through the Bible, Josephus, the Damascus Documents of the Dead Sea Scrolls, and Seder Olam Rabbah. Check the Chapter Precis Page to see details of each chapter and to gain access to the Four Free to Air Chapters
(The Download book does not contain a section on Seder Olam)
Definition: King's Calendar Chronological Research
The Premise: Between the 5th and 3rd centuries BCE (but continuing down to at least 104 BCE), Sectarian redactors transcribed the legitimate 'solar year' chronological records of Israel and Judah, into an artificial form, with listed years as each comprised of 12 months of 4 weeks of 7 days, or 336 days per year, thus creating a 13th artificial year where 12 solar years existed.
When the Synchronous Chronological Data provided in the Books of Kings and Chronicles for the Divided Kingdom Period are measured in years of 336 days, the synchronisms actually align. [Refer to Appendix 5. to see how it synchronises the Divided Kingdom Period]