Topical Study tool for Students: Abrahamic Covenant:This article has been designed for students as a quick study tool. It is a Topical Excerpt from the full length Seder Olam Series article: Adam to Joseph : Seder Olam Rabbah (No.2)
Topic 3. Seder Olam & The 430 year Covenant with Abraham
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This section presents a chart demonstrating the King's Calendar representation of pertinent chronological events mentioned in the Seder Olam Rabbah. These events relate to Abraham; his birth, his covenant. (For a full explanation see the original full length article.)
Abraham's Birth Year
Seder Olam Rabbah [And the Bible] maintains that Abraham was born 292 years after the Flood.
The Flood, according to the King's Calendar occurred in the year 2184 BCE and appears as Line 1731 [Appendix 17]
Counting 292 years from L.1731 brings us Line 1439 or the year 1915 BCE., as the year Abraham was born. [We will come back to this later].
Seder Olam Rabbah records:
Our father Abraham was 70 years old when he was spoken to at the Covenant Between the Pieces as it is said (Ex. 12:41): “And it was after 430 years,” etc.
After that he was spoken to he returned to Haran, stayed there five years as it is said (Gen. 12:4): “And Abram was 75 years old when he left Haran.”
It follows that from the Dispersion until Abraham left Haran there were 26 years. These are exactly (Gen. 14:4-5) “12 years they served Chedorlaomer and 13 years they rebelled. And in the fourteenth year Chedorlaomer came.”
Measuring the 430 years of the covenant from it's determination for the Exodus, the King's Calendar determines that these 430 years commence in Abraham's 75th year – (Line 1439 - 75 takes us to Line 1365 / 1846 BCE).
Seder Olam Rabbah says it starts in Abraham's 70th year.
The King's Calendar says 75th year.
This discrepancy of 5 years is a math problem not related to King's Calendar interpretation.
It undoutedly results from the Seder Olam Rabbah 6 year variance with the Biblical texts in relation to the ages of Seth son of Adam and Mehalalel son of Keinan.
430 year Sojourn
The following chart provides some of the King's Calendar Results that are Pertinent to the Sojourn.
From the Exodus in 1449 BCE as determined by the King's Calendar, which is Line 935, to Line 1365 there are precisely 430 artificial years [397 Solar years.]
L. 935 or 1449 BCE Exodus.
L. 936 or 1450 BCE 215th year of the sojourn in Egypt - Josephus : Antiq. Bk 2 Ch.15:2
L. 1150 or 1648 BCE Jacob's 130th year sojourn in Egypt starts
L. 1279 or 1767 BCE Jacob born
L. 1339 or 1822 BCE Isaac born
L. 1365 or 1846 BCE Abraham's 75th year : Covenant : Seder Olam Rabbah says 70th year
The reference to the 430 years has application, even if Abraham's age does not synchronise.
Since 2004 he has been writing academic articles, social commentaries and photographic 'Stories from China' both here at KingsCalendar, and formerly as a contributing columnist at Magic City Morning Star News (Maine USA) where from 2009 to 2015 he was Stand-in Editor. He currently has a column at iPatriot.com and teaches English to Business English and Flight Attendant College Students in Suzhou City Jiangsu Province People's Republic of China.)
BenDedek originally created the site to publicize his research results into the Chronology of Ancient Israel. Those results were published under the title: 'The King's Calendar: The Secret of Qumran.' Whilst there have been many attempts to solve the chronological riddle of the Bible's synchronisms of reigns of the kings of Israel and Judah and their synchronism with other Ancient Near Eastern Nations, no other research is based on a simple mathematical formula which could, if it is incorrect, be disproved easily. To date, no one has been able to dismiss the mathematical results of this research.
Free to air Academic articles set forth Apologetics for and results of his discovery of an "artificial chronological scheme" running through the Bible, Josephus, the Damascus Documents of the Dead Sea Scrolls, and Seder Olam Rabbah. Check the Chapter Precis Page to see details of each chapter and to gain access to the Four Free to Air Chapters
(The Download book does not contain a section on Seder Olam)
Definition: King's Calendar Chronological Research
The Premise: Between the 5th and 3rd centuries BCE (but continuing down to at least 104 BCE), Sectarian redactors transcribed the legitimate 'solar year' chronological records of Israel and Judah, into an artificial form, with listed years as each comprised of 12 months of 4 weeks of 7 days, or 336 days per year, thus creating a 13th artificial year where 12 solar years existed.
When the Synchronous Chronological Data provided in the Books of Kings and Chronicles for the Divided Kingdom Period are measured in years of 336 days, the synchronisms actually align. [Refer to Appendix 5. to see how it synchronises the Divided Kingdom Period]