"Finding Myself in China" Toward the end of dinner, some children spotted the foreigner and began coming to the door to say 'hello' 'hello' 'hello,' as they do, and then one little girl entered the room and handed out candy to us all. That was a first, as too was the cappuccino that I drank at a coffee house after dinner. I could swear it was an espresso. Ah! What would a foreigner know! Next morning we headed off to our next destination, the major places of interest of which (according to the 100 rmb entry ticket) are, Little Lotus Villa, Home of Zhang Shiming, Jiaye Library, Qiushuli Place, Home of Liu Tiqing and Ancient Stone Bridges.
A Teacher's Day Out in Suzhou
by R.P. BenDedek (12:10 PM 2/21/2015 Beijing Time)
This article was originally published at Magic City Morning Star on Jun 6, 2007 and an additional photograph file was created at KingsCalendar to accompany it. On February 21, 2015 in preparation for publication of my book "Finding Myself in China," I transferred the original article to KingsCalendar. In the process of doing so I have edited it somewhat for American spelling and grammar. I have not however carried over those photographs which were repeated in the additional photograph file. Instead, additional photographs have been added to this article.
Visiting Wuzhen, Nanxun and Tongli
In April our school administrators informed the foreign teachers that during the Labor Day holiday week in May, that they would take us away for a 2 day tour of some local scenic attractions. The typically impatient Western foreigners (having made plans in advance), didn't like waiting around for last minute confirmation and details about a possible tour, and so after advising the leaders, they all left to pursue their own particular plans. Just as well. An official and prolonged inspection of every aspect of the school's current operation left organizers no time to actually plan the tour. The other week however, we were advised to keep the weekend of May 26th and 27th free, so as to do that tour. This article is about that tour to the ancient towns of Wuzhen, Nanxun and Tongli***.
Saturday 26th May, we foreigners, seven in all (four of whom are Japanese), were pleased to discover that the school had employed the services of a professional tour company. We were supplied not only with a comfortable bus and pleasant driver, but with a multilingual guide named 'Scarlet,' who was Fluent in Chinese, Japanese and English. She did a wonderful job. Our first port of call, which lay at a distance of about two hours drive from the school, was Wuzhen.
The Ancient Town of Wuzhen
Wuzhen lies at the north of Tongxiang City of Zhejiang Province China, and at the center of the triangle formed by Shanghai, Hangzhou and Nanjing. The town lies on the Hangzhou-Jiaxing-Huzhou alluvial Plain, with no hills but interlaced rivers. Wuzhen enjoys a history of over 1,000 years since its establishment in 872 A.A.
I will point out here that this was an 'all expenses paid' trip, and we foreigners paid for nothing. I have no idea how much the entrance ticket cost to this particular place because it is not indicated on the ticket, but like the tickets from the other towns we visited, the ticket is 'multi-entry.' This is to say that there are individual establishments (nine in all) within this location to which your ticket provides automatic entrance. At the entrance to each new section that you enter, an attendant punches a hole in your ticket. I have 4 punch holes in my ticket, but apart from the original entry and the visit to the Pawn shop, I have no idea what else I visited.
Local Scenery in Wuzhen (Including the boys in the mug shop in which for 10 rmb you can have a photo of "your" mug on your "mug.")
We had arrived at lunchtime and so the first order of the day was to eat, which we did at a little restaurant within the tourist complex. With that out of the way, we all set off in different directions to do our own exploring. This was not too difficult since everything could be found off one main thoroughfare. Because I finished eating before the rest (I found little that I liked amongst the numerous dishes on offer) I left the restaurant for a cigarette. While outside I walked a short distance to a bridge and took a few photos. As I was walking back over the bridge, I stopped so as not to block a photograph being taken by a young Chinese man of his family. The girl beside him, who was taking a video, turned the camera on me, and in English said: "Look! A foreigner!" In Chinese I answered that I was not a foreigner, but a Chinese person from the Muslim Province of Xinjiang. (Yes it sounds crazy but you would be surprised how many believe me). Anyway, the girl then apologized to me in English. It was quite funny really.
Left Frames Below are of local scenery Top Right: Foreign Teachers on Tour Bottom Right: Should be the old pawn shop
I headed back to the restaurant to discover that everyone had split up and taken off to explore, and so I passed my time with Scarlet the guide. We spent most of the time sitting on a bench by the canal talking. Or perhaps more realistically, I spent most of the time talking. At the appropriate time, we met up with the rest of the tour group, and headed off to our hotel.
The Ancient Town of Nanxun
Nanxun is in Huzhou, if that means anything to you. It confuses me, because we were told we were visiting places in Suzhou. (*** It turns out that Nanxun and Wuzhen are in Zhejiang Province.)
After visiting Wuzhen, we checked into a very nice Chinese hotel (sorry - I forgot to get the details) where the room rate was apparently 300 rmb. It was a beautiful establishment that included a Chinese Breakfast in the room price. After check in, we had 90 minutes to rest before meeting up for dinner. I don't know where we went or how we got there, because some of the streets were blocked and we did some backtracking.
Toward the end of dinner, some children spotted the foreigner and began coming to the door to say 'hello' 'hello' 'hello,' as they do, and then one little girl entered the room and handed out candy to us all. That was a first, as too was the cappuccino that I drank at a coffee house after dinner. I could swear it was an espresso. Ah! What would a foreigner know!
Next morning we headed off to our next destination, the major places of interest of which (according to the 100 rmb entry ticket) are, Little Lotus Villa, Home of Zhang Shiming, Jiaye Library, Qiushuli Place, Home of Liu Tiqing and Ancient Stone Bridges. In fact, if one can judge a matter by the number of photos one takes, then indeed I did find this place of far more interest than the other towns. Of particular interest to me was the Jiaye Library. Since the photo would be useless here, I will provide the text found by the entrance.
Nanxun Scenic Shots
A Brief Introduction to Jiaye Ancient Library
Jiaye Ancient Library is a famous private library with the largest collection of books in modern China. the construction of the library was started in 1920 and completed in 1924. It covers an area of 13,340 square meters, and expended the gold of 120,000 liang. After liberation in 1949, it has become part of Zhejiang Library that mainly houses ancient books. In June of 2001, Jiaye Ancient Library was deemed a National Preserved Cultural Relic Unit. The stream runs around the building of Jiaye Ancient Library, and in the garden are trees, zigzag paths, rockery, stalagmitic stones, pavilions, bridges and lotus ponds. the garden and the building become an integral whole. It is a two-storied building of wooden and brick structure. the Jiaye Ancient Library is built in the shape of a square with corridors on all sides. In the middle is a square courtyard. there are 52 rooms in the two-storied building. "Shicui Room,' "Songsishi Room," "Jiaye Hall" are upstairs and downstairs are "Xigu Building," "Qiushu Room," "Liguang Pavilion." Each room has its own characteristics in the collection of books and its layout, convenient to keep and to read the books.
The owner of private library was named Liu Chenggan (1882-1963) who was born at an aristocratic family and had a strong love of collection. About the revolution of 1911, Liu took the opportunity of the large quantities of ancient books scattered to search and buy a great deal of books. According to his said he took twenty years and silver of 300,000 Liang to collect books of 6,000,000 volumes. In its prime times (1925-1932), the Jiaye Ancient Library housed 155 kinds of the editions of the Song (960-1279) and the Yuan Dynasty [1206-1368], 1000-odd kinds of chorography and many kinds of editions, hand-written copies of the MIng (1368-1644) and Qing Dynasty (1616-1911) in addition to some rare and precious editions. Most collections of Jiaye Ancient Library are collected works of the Qing Dynasty and all kinds of historical records. Jiaye Ancient Library was well known not only for the collection of ancient books, but also for block-printed books. Many of block-printed books are banned books by the Qing Dynasty Government and inscribed exquisitely, more than half were collated by Miao Quansun, a famous scholar of the end of the Qing Dynasty. These block-printed books of Liu Chenggan were also gained affirmative comments by Lu Xun.
In 1933, the family of Liu was in straitened circumstances and Liu began to sell its collections. There were only 110,000 copies left and almost no block-printed editions of the Song and the Yuan Dynasties when Liu Chenggan donated them to Zhejing Library in 1951. In 1949, when the Chinese People's Liberation Army liberated the south of the Yangtze river, Chinese communist appointed army to protect Jiaye Ancient Library lest it was damaged. In November 1951, Liu Chenggan donated his collections, the building of Jiaye Ancient Library and the Garden to Zhejing Library and it became a part of Zhejiang Ancient Library and put aside a lot of fund in the renovation of this former private library. It also gained attention and care from the Leaders of Hushou and Nanxun. We believe, under together endeavor, the Jiaye Ancient Library must be refreshed with vigor and make a contribution to the prosperity of science culture with its own features and special collections.
Jiaye Surrounds Top Right: Library storage
A Different Building
The text from Jiaye (above) was typed exactly from the photograph, with errors intact. Personally I think it adds charm. This week I received an email from someone who recently went to HongHu on business. They emailed to say 'thank you' for having prepared them (via my articles) for their visit. A photograph was included of a sign in their hotel which read: "Have a grave time." Chinglish is quite common in China, and in Nanxun there was a sign which read "Caution, Drop Down". The non-Chinglish version would probably read: "Beware of Falling into the canal."
As already mentioned, the entrance ticket included admission to a number places in this Nanxun Scenic area. The punch holes in my ticket indicate that I visited 3 of the 8 sites. The Jiaye Library was one such place. Another was I believe, the Home of Liu Tiqing, with its wonderful gardens, lake, rockeries etc. I remember a long time ago after writing about San Xia (Three Gorges), someone wrote to me and not only told me the name for a particular location, but sent a later photograph to demonstrate how much the site had changed. Sometimes I feel guilty because I can't say: 'Oh this is taken at this place or that place and the name is such and such. Please forgive me if I locate something incorrectly. Because I tend to take lots and lots of photos, partly because the camera viewing screen doesn't work, and I don't visit places with a note book at hand so that I can give a blow by blow description, when I sit down to write I do have difficulties remembering exactly where a particular photograph was taken.
Top Right is of Chiara - probably at Wuzhen Bottom left was taken at the Home of Liu Tiqing
When we visited the Liu villa, the first site we visited at Nanxun, I couldn't figure out why all the Chinese were going the wrong way. So what else is new? As it transpired, it was we who were going the wrong way, because we had started at the end of the trail. Stupid foreigners! Sue was admiring the archways when I pointed out that the particular one under which she was standing, was dedicated by the Emperor to the Liu family's Charity and Chastity. (Yep! I read the sign!) She then insisted that Chiara take a photo of her standing underneath it. She seemed to find significance in the act, as apparently she did also a little later when she insisted on taking a photo of me standing under a sign requesting people to 'Be Polite'?
Memorial Archway Granted by Emperor
It was built in the period of Emperor Xuantong in Qing Dynasty. One was granted because of the charity of the Liu's the other was granted because of chastity of women in the family. The Liu's was praised and encouraged by Emperor Guangxu and Xuantong. They are 8.5m in height and 5.6m in width, 5 storied and with 4 pillars each. The marvelous stone cavings are from ancient Chinese folk stories including auspicious patterns of chinese dragon, phonex,Chinese unicorn and bat, etc. They are of great architectural value.
The area between the two archways consisted of a small courtyard in front of the Memorial Temple. Unfortunately it was closed, so we couldn't take a look. If it had been our first trip to China, we might have been disappointed. There are however two things of which you become aware the more you travel. One is that after the first 100 or so photos of a pagoda or temple, they all tend to look alike. The other is, that eventually the folk back home start asking why it is that you are in none of your photos.
The Memorial temple was built in the 14th year to 23th year of GuangXu (1888AD-1987AD). The Liu's used to offer sacrifice to their ancestors Twice a year. The Temple is 3 kaijian in width (1 kaijian = 10.936 feet) and three normal houses in Length. In the front of the temple, there are two stone lions, flat stands and the memorial archways. The whole structure is imposing and Golden plague inside the temple which is with four Chinese characters written by Emperor. Xuan tong the Memorial Temple can be a typical architecture of memorial temple. (Although typed as photographed, the previous to last sentenced should have ended with Emperor Xuantong)
Visiting Tongli Town
After our tour of Nanxun, we headed off for Tongli town, where the first thing we did was stop to eat. The restaurant tried to charge Mr. Xu (our teaching coordinator), 20 rmb for each bottle of beer that had been consumed. Given that the normal price in a restaurant is 5 rmb, he put up a bit of a fight.
Tongli town is a really old canal town, and our 80 rmb entry ticket indicated that we could enter 8 different locations within the town. Additionally, there was an outdoor stage on which continuous Opera performances were given throughout the afternoon. I know that the first thing I did was accompany the female foreign teachers into some place, (either the Tuisi Garden or the Gufeng Garden) but I don't seem to have any photographs. I do know that we ended up in some place with a museum of lattice work that did not interest me that much because it was all behind glass. What I do remember is that finding myself rather bored, I set off on my own journey of discovery.
Scenes from Tongli
Down the road a piece, I came to a sign advertising 'The World Famous Exhibition of Sex Antigues.' (Not antiques!) Having lived in China for some time now, I had heard about such exhibits, and decided to take a look. Following the signs I arrived at the entrance, only to be told by the attendant that my ticket was no good. As I was backtracking I ran into Chiara and Sue who quickly pointed out that I had produced the entry ticket from Nanxun. I quickly went back to the entrance only to be told that the ticket for Tongli does not include entry into this exhibition. Being foreigners we did not believe this. Then a mixed foreigner / Chinese tour group turned up and got the same treatment. The attendant was probably wondering why no one wanted to pay to go in. It wasn't as if we would not have paid had we gone to Tongli specifically to see the exhibit, but as we just blundered into the place (so to speak), we were merely disappointed that admission was not included in the entrance price. Of course, if any of us had bothered to read our tickets, we would have seen that it was not included.
Even though we did not go in, we could not help but see one rather large exhibit standing in the courtyard, and I can tell you that if graphic depictions of a sexual nature offend you, then don't go anywhere near the place. After that little misadventure, I headed off on my own again and wandered around. I took only two photographs prior to rejoining the group; one of which was of a lady with cormorants, and a building beside a canal. Beyond that I just wandered. I did pass a few places that I could have entered, but as I wrote earlier, after a while you get bored with seeing the same things. Sometimes it's just nice to sit down somewhere and watch the world go by.
And on that note, I will say 'BYE!'
I hope you enjoyed this photographic article. The companion file to this article has more, larger and different photographs, including the picture of the cormorants and the sign at the sex exhibit.
One Final Photo
The photo on the left is just another shot of the Chinese princess in Yellow that appeared further up this page, but the little princess in the photograph on the right, who was going on Seven years old when this photograph was taken, now comes to my home every Sunday to study English. She's quite bright and a good student.
Toward the end of dinner, some children spotted the foreigner and began coming to the door to say 'hello' 'hello' 'hello,' as they do, and then one little girl entered the room and handed out candy to us all. That was a first, as too was the cappuccino that I drank at a coffee house after dinner. I could swear it was an espresso. Ah! What would a foreigner know! Next morning we headed off to our next destination, the major places of interest of which (according to the 100 rmb entry ticket) are, Little Lotus Villa, Home of Zhang Shiming, Jiaye Library, Qiushuli Place, Home of Liu Tiqing and Ancient Stone Bridges. Additional Photographs
Well to cut a long story short, I walked all the bloody way to Tiger Hill. With Sweat pouring off me I finally met up with Chen Rongmei who had telephoned 'Meimei' to come and help look for me. The two of them had apparently been driving all over the place looking for me. Hot and exhausted, the three of us sat down in a little cafe, under an air conditioner, and cooled off while we ate a very nice 'overpriced' lunch. After lunch the three of us did the tour of HuQiu, and while I really loved the place, the heat of the day combined with all that walking (before and during sightseeing) gave me an awful headache. All I wanted to do was rest. I even considered booking back into my hotel! See Also:Cycling Around Tiger Hill Area SuZhouandTiger Hill Additional Photographs
Hanshan Temple Suzhou by R.P. BenDedek Various Dates
This Stele is made of Shandong Jiaxiang Blue Stone, and composed of stele cap, stele body and stele pedestal. Its facade is engraved with Zhang Ji's (Tang Dynasty) poem To Moor at Night at the Maple Bridge inscribed by Yu Yue (Qing Dynasty); while the back is engraved with The Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra (Prajnaparamita Hridaya Sutra in Sanskrit) handwritted by Emperor Qianlong (Qing Dynasty).
Dr. Ben-Shahar made a statement to the effect that people need to understand that it is from the journey itself that we derive pleasure, not the destination. In order to find balance in life, people must stop and take time out to look at the day's events, and see the joy that was in it. Far too often we only reflect on flaws and failures, rather than on joys and successes. True happiness is found in the many small moments in our lives, and we have to remind ourselves daily of all the things we are grateful for and appreciate.
After following the pathway around the mountain we were faced with a choice of either a path downward or a trail upward. We chose the upward trail, and hoped to find something. After climbing over boulders and headed in the direction of some boys sitting atop one, we arrived at a spectacular viewpoint. We had an almost 360 degree view of Mudu. While we were marveling at the view before us, I heard a few voices off in the distance behind us. When I turned to look, I was surprised to find that there was a ridge there, completely jam packed with people taking in the 'better view.'
The Garden of Couple's Retreat. Located on the northeastern edge of the ancient city of SuZhou, the garden was first created in the early Qing period as a pleasure garden of Baoning Prefect Lu Jingzhi. In the 13th year of Tong ZhiReign (1874 AD), Shen Bingcheng, governor of Susongtai Region, acquired it and expanded it into the present scale.The park is located by one of the major canals on the North / East side of SuZhou. It is not far from the Old Water Gate, and right behind it is the SuZhou Zoo. I have been in YanCheng now for 6 months and no longer have a map of SuZhou from which to give precise directions. The entrance looks great from the overpass, but otherwise you wouldn't know it is there. I did take some photos of it at night when I was on the canal tour. That tour leaves from 'ShiLu' which is the 'small' walking street - not Guanqian Jie which is the big walking street.
Now I am not going to repeat the title here, but it showed a room in which plant roots are used to grow new plants. Unfortunately, whilst the caption may have been strictly correct in an Agricultural context, the words also constituted a very vulgar idiomatic expression in English. As the particular slide lit up on the big screen, there was an audible gasp from numerous people (including Chiara and I), followed by muted laughing and serious attempts by individuals not to break into hysterics.
Moving to Suzhou by R.P. BenDedek February 21, 2015 (2007 Magic City Article transferred to Kingscalendar)
I had been told many times that if I could be a successful teacher in Hubei, then I would find it so easy to teach elsewhere in China. I never understood what that meant, until I came here. These kids are a joy to teach, even though their English level is no better than the kids in Hubei. It really feels like I have been transported to a different country.
Traduzione di Chiara Braccagni: Nel 2005 mi sono trasferito a Wuhan da Hong Hu, in modo da poter insegnare inglese e allo stesso tempo imparare il cinese. Tuttavia, dopo due anni a Wuhan, avevo seguito solo un semestre di studio del cinese. Avevo accettato il lavoro di insegnante a Wuhan ad uno stipendio minore rispetto a quanto mi era stato offerto da altri istituti, in modo da mettere in pratica il cinese che impraravo in un dialetto che mi fosse familiare. Quando ho richiesto all'agenzia di trovarmi un nuovo lavoro per il 2007 ho messo in chiaro che lo stipendio era la mia priorita.' Sebbene il governo cinese avesse decretato che gli insegnanti stranieri potevano ritornare a casa in anticipo lo scorso semestre, cosi' da trascorrere il Natale con le loro famiglie (decisione resa possible dalle anticipate festivita' del capodanno cinese) la mia scuola non mi ha lasciato partire. Infatti, una clausola mi obbligava a rimanere a scuola fino all'ultimo giorno del mio contratto. E cosi' ho fatto (e sto ancora aspettando lo stipendio che mi devono).
I have to say it was a great honor to meet him, an honor that might have had more significance had I only known in which of the photo ops I actually did meet him. I'm guessing it was the guy who had both an English and Japanese translator trailing him.... Turning the camera on, I raised it and began to focus the lens. Just then a wave slapped against the side of the boat and my friends and I got drenched as water spurted up and in through the open window. By the time I recovered, wiped the lens dry, got the camera working, and focused, I had little time left to do a reasonable video, and no time at all to take any more still photographs.
I can say that the new computer cost me half of what I had expected to pay, and the money saved will almost pay for a special trip I'm planning to the other side of the country in October. We had our conversation on a Tuesday at about 11.45am at the end of March, and two days later on the Thursday, I picked up my brand new computer already loaded with all my programs. It also came with a gift of some high definition movies (Mr. Kang is able to provide 1500 HD Movies on an external hard drive.) If you are coming to Suzhou and you really NEED to buy a new computer, go talk to him. Maybe you just need some repairs - he'll fix you up. Maybe you want some High Definition Movies - he's the one to talk to. -and-Computer Repairs in SuZhou City Jiangsu Province Nov 7, 2011
I ran into Jian up at Shi Lu one night, just before the Americans left town. We had a long talk about the fact that he was wasting his life; that his parents really just wanted him to apply himself equally to Chinese and Math studies, as to his English Studies. When I left him, I thought that maybe he was finally going to go home. I spoke to him about the parable of the Prodigal Son and asked him to get the Americans to explain it
One of the things you often see in China, is people washing their clothes in the nearest body of water, and living by a canal makes it just so easy to wash your clothes. Whilst the location sounds ideal, given the rather 'shaky looking' foundations to the local domiciles, I'm not sure if I would feel particularly safe. And given our western concern to control every possible negative possibility in life, I doubt that anyone with kids would be allowed to live in such a place.I would take this opportunity to point out that if I actually lived in such a place, I doubt that I would be as friendly a resident as were these locals. Can you imagine people day in and day out looking in your back door; watching you wash your clothes; and constantly taking photos of you and waving? I'm pretty sure I know what type of gesture I would be returning.
They carefully explained that the ticket office is moved, and that I must 'go over there'! I looked at the guy, looked 'over there' and said: 'There's nothing @#$%^ over there!' He laughed and said: 'Come! I'll show you!' And he did. 'Over there' was a place a couple of hundred meters 'over there where they are digging' and you could get 'over there,' by a little walkway that they had prepared. Ah! I went back and got my bicycle and headed off to go 'over there,' but when I got 'over there,' I found myself on a main road, and had to ask a policemen where to go. Finally someone who could help me. He kindly pointed out that the ticket office was 'over there'!
It is uncertain what caused the following event, but something on the pylon hit one of the windows. The people in the immediate vicinity fled their seats, and as the ship continued reversing, the window buckled and smashed, sending shards of glass everywhere. One man received a cut to his arm, and while not bleeding profusely, nevertheless was bleeding. A young boy was covered in glass, and although unhurt, had to be deftly 'de-glassed.' I felt someone's hand on my back pocket. Always cautious, I was walking with my hands in my pockets, specifically to keep the cloth on the seat of my pants tight. I tightened my grip. When this did not seem to discourage the brazen (and inept) thief, I quickly sidestepped to the left, and left him both surprised and embarrassed. He dropped his head so I could not see his face, and quickly retracted the jacket that had covered his hand to conceal his actions. He disappeared quickly.
Between September 1st and October 5th quite a number of things have happened, not the least of which is that the city Sign has disappeared. Over a period of days I saw the sign being dismantled and had assumed that they were going to 'refresh' the place so to speak. One evening on my way home from visiting Judy, the traffic at the roundabout up from the school, was stopped. The road was blocked off with a rope, and a number of people in hard hats were running around. I had no idea as to what was going on and as there were only two of us left on the bus I decided to walk the rest of the way. A very officious 'hard hat' started signaling me to go back. A student ran up to me and warned me that it was dangerous to proceed.
We were also treated to a demonstration of 'Shaolin' arts. Not only did the performer put himself through the hoops (pardon the pun) but got Sam up to 'trip the lights fantastic!' When they called for volunteers to take part, Sam eagerly volunteered. Never ones to miss an opportunity to see a foreigner make a fool of himself, the Chinese MC readily accepted Sam's offer. The tiny performer took one look at him and said: 'Whoa! How heavy is he?' Just to see if he could do what he wanted, he picked Sam up in a bear hug. That was certainly entertaining. What Sam thought when the guy grabbed him front on and lifted him, I have no idea!
Since 2004 he has been writing academic articles, social commentaries and photographic 'Stories from China' both here at KingsCalendar, and formerly as a contributing columnist at Magic City Morning Star News (Maine USA) where from 2009 to 2015 he was Stand-in Editor. He currently has a column at iPatriot.com and teaches English to Business English and Flight Attendant College Students in Suzhou City Jiangsu Province People's Republic of China.)
BenDedek originally created the site to publicize his research results into the Chronology of Ancient Israel. Those results were published under the title: 'The King's Calendar: The Secret of Qumran.' Whilst there have been many attempts to solve the chronological riddle of the Bible's synchronisms of reigns of the kings of Israel and Judah and their synchronism with other Ancient Near Eastern Nations, no other research is based on a simple mathematical formula which could, if it is incorrect, be disproved easily. To date, no one has been able to dismiss the mathematical results of this research.
Free to air Academic articles set forth Apologetics for and results of his discovery of an "artificial chronological scheme" running through the Bible, Josephus, the Damascus Documents of the Dead Sea Scrolls, and Seder Olam Rabbah. Check the Chapter Precis Page to see details of each chapter and to gain access to the Four Free to Air Chapters
(The Download book does not contain a section on Seder Olam)
Definition: King's Calendar Chronological Research
The Premise: Between the 5th and 3rd centuries BCE (but continuing down to at least 104 BCE), Sectarian redactors transcribed the legitimate 'solar year' chronological records of Israel and Judah, into an artificial form, with listed years as each comprised of 12 months of 4 weeks of 7 days, or 336 days per year, thus creating a 13th artificial year where 12 solar years existed.
When the Synchronous Chronological Data provided in the Books of Kings and Chronicles for the Divided Kingdom Period are measured in years of 336 days, the synchronisms actually align. [Refer to Appendix 5. to see how it synchronises the Divided Kingdom Period]