|Israel's Period of the Judges by R.P. BenDedek|
|Written on 09/20/05 at 02:31:59 AEST by R .P. BenDedek|
The time frame provided in the Biblical Data for the Period of the Judges is excessive of known history, even when using a 15th Century Exodus time frame. Judges 11:26 states that Jephthah's judgeship takes place (approximately) 300 years after the capture of Heshbon. We therefore have a chronological reference, by which to fix a particular judgeship, for we already have a chronological marker for the capture of Heshbon, in 1412 BC.
by R.P. BenDedek
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The Judges of Ancient Israel
Table of Contents:
This article is divided into the following sections
The King's Calendar operates on three fundamental premises.
What is the King's Calendar?
2. That the Old Testament records are a reliable and trustworthy History of Israel.
(Infallibility & Academic Deceit)
3. The King's Calendar follows a 15th Century BC / 18th Egyptian Dynasty Exodus.
Ancient Egypt Unabridged
Assumptions and Limitations
See: The Period of the Judges - Seder Olam Rabbah (No.4)
It is very obvious that there are Inherent chronological problems in Biblical Data for this period of time. For example:
As a ready reference to assist you with your studies, a chart is provided below that lists a variety of chronological data as provided by several sources for the various judges of Israel. (The Biblical Data appears in Text format, underneath the chart.)
"S" Seder Olam Rabbah
"Art" is the artificial figure used by the King's Calendar
"Sol" contains the number of real or solar years represented by the King's Calendar Artificial years.
"Judgeships" is the King's Calendar determination of the historical time frame for the event listed.
Oppression Book of Judges 3:8 : 8 years
Othniel Judge of Ancient Israel : Book of Judges 3:11 : 40 years
Oppression by Moab Book of Judges 3:14 : 18 years
Ehud Judge of Ancient Israel : Book of Judges 3:30 : 80 years
Oppression Book of Judges 4:4 : 40 years
Deborah Judge of Ancient Israel : Book of Judges 5:13 : 40 years
Oppression Book of Judges 6:1 : 7 years
Gideon Judge of Ancient Israel : Book of Judges 8:28 : 40 years
Abimelech Judge of Ancient Israel : Book of Judges 9:22 : 3 years
Tola Judge of Ancient Israel : Book of Judges 10:2 : 23 years
Jair Judge of Ancient Israel : Book of Judges 10:3 : 22 years
Oppression Book of Judges 10:8 : 18 years
Jephthah Judge of Ancient Israel : Book of Judges 12:7 : 6 years
Ibzan Judge of Ancient Israel : Book of Judges 12:8 : 7 years
Elon Judge of Ancient Israel : Book of Judges 12:11 : 10 years
Abdon Judge of Ancient Israel : Book of Judges 12:13 : 8 years
Oppression Book of Judges 13:1 : 40 years
Samson Judge of Ancient Israel : Book of Judges 16:31 : 20 years
Eli Judge of Ancient Israel : 1 Samuel 4:18 : 40 years
Samuel Judge of Ancient Israel : 1 Samuel 4:18 : No years listed
Saul King of Ancient Israel : 1 Samuel 13:1 : No years listed
David King of Ancient Israel : 1 Samuel 16:1 ; 40 years
Solomon King of Ancient Israel : 1 Chronicles 29:1 : 40 years
In order to truly calculate the time frame for the Period of the Judges, one must first determine when King Saul's reign commenced.
As the Book of Judges does not provide specific chronological data for Samuel the Judge or Saul the King, all commentators on the Period of the Judges must make their own determinations as to how long each of these two men held power. The King's Calendar Determination for the lengths of their reigns, depends totally on the chronological data that does exist in the other books of the Bible.
Second Chronicles Chapter 36:21 indicates that the Babylonian exile was the result of a period of 490 years in which the Land had not been granted Sabbath Rest. The King's Calendar sees this figure as a sectarian artificially manipulated period of time, and determines that the beginning of Saul's reign and therefore the end of Samuel's judgeship, is 490 artificial years backdated from 586 BC to arrive at 1039 BC.
The King's Calendar determines that:
For Discussion on Saul and Samuel chronology: Go to Topics 10 to 12 of Seder Olam Rabbah
Within the King's Calendar reconstruction of Israelite history, The 480 years of 1 Kings 6:1 extends in artificial years from the commencement of the Building of Solomon's temple in 970 BC, back to the Israelite entrance into Canaan (and therefore the commencement of Joshua's judgeship), in 1412 BC.
Just a note: The Septuagint reference at 1 Kings 6:1 refers to the same period of time, but that reference is provided in true solar years, and actually extends from the Entrance into Canaan to Solomon's 1st year. See:
The period of the judges extends from 1412 BC to 1039 BC.
Using the records of Josephus and the King's Calendar Artificial Calendar, we can see that between Antiquities Book Two Chapter 10:1 & Book Two Chapter 11:1, the following Chronological events lead up to the Entrance of the Israelites into Canaan.
Because the date for Entrance into Canaan is calculated to 1412 BC from the commencement of Solomon's temple in 970 BC, and because the reigns of the Kings from David to Zedekiah are specified, and because 2 Chronicles 36:21 indicates that the monarchy commenced in 1039 BC, The King's Calendar determines that the period of the judges can only total 405 artificial years.
Using both Biblical and extra biblical data, it then determined how the data in the Book of Judges ought to be individually applied, calculating not only the length of Samuel's judgeship, but using the reference in Judges 11:26 to the city of Heshbon, to divide up these 405 years for the period of the judges into two sections.
Judges 11:26 states that Jephthah's judgeship takes place (approximately) 300 years after the capture of Heshbon. We therefore have a chronological reference, by which to fix a particular judgeship, for we already have a chronological marker for the capture of Heshbon, in 1412 BC.
The King's Calendar uses the Reference to the City of Heshbon to divide the total time frame for the period of the Judges, into two segments.
The chronology provided by the 'King's Calendar' includes:
Appendix Five (top left toolbar) which shows the Divided kingdom period of Israel year by year, demonstrates that the Biblical chronological synchronisms are not only recorded in artificial years but are correct.
Because the commencement date for the Building of Solomon's Temple can be calculated, the date for the Entrance into Canaan could be calculated.
Because King David's reign could be established, Saul's reign could be determined based on 2 Chronicles 36:21.
Because we have a start and finish date for the Period of the Judges, it becomes apparent that there are excessive years in the data for the period of the Judges.
Accepting Josephus' data for Joshua, reducing Ehud's 80 years to 18 years, and combining this with calculations for Jepthah's judgeship, we were able to delete a concurrent period of Philistine oppression, and determine that Samuel's judgeship lasted 32 years. [Interestingly enough, Josephus actually stipulates that the combined period for Samuel and Saul was 32 years.]
If you go to the Chapter Precis Page, you can find Appendix 12 and together with Appendix 5 for the Divided Kingdom, you can calculate for yourself, the period of the Judges.
I hope that this article has been of some assistance to you.
Technical Articles to Understand the Research
What is the King's Calendar
Methodology for the Generation of the King's Calendar
Assumptions and Limitations of the King's Calendar
2017 Redacted list Academic Articles
Chronological Differences between the Septuagint and the Masorete Texts
R.P. BenDedek Column
New Site Academic Articles
Writers at KingsCalendar
R.P. BenDedek at iPatriot.com
BenDedek on Facebook Public Site
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Copyright 2017 is held by the nominated authors on this article page.
About The KingsCalendar Website
R.P. BenDedek (pseudonym) is from Brisbane Australia and has been teaching in China since 2003. He is the author of 'The Kings Calendar: The Secret of Qumran' - and -
'Finding Myself in China: A Politically Incorrect Story.'
Since 2004 he has been writing academic articles, social commentaries and photographic 'Stories from China' both here at KingsCalendar, and formerly as a contributing columnist at Magic City Morning Star News (Maine USA) where from 2009 to 2015 he was Stand-in Editor. He currently has a column at iPatriot.com and teaches English to Business English and Flight Attendant College Students in Suzhou City Jiangsu Province People's Republic of China.)
BenDedek originally created the site to publicize his research results into the Chronology of Ancient Israel. Those results were published under the title: 'The King's Calendar: The Secret of Qumran.' Whilst there have been many attempts to solve the chronological riddle of the Bible's synchronisms of reigns of the kings of Israel and Judah and their synchronism with other Ancient Near Eastern Nations, no other research is based on a simple mathematical formula which could, if it is incorrect, be disproved easily. To date, no one has been able to dismiss the mathematical results of this research.
(The Download book does not contain a section on Seder Olam)
Definition: King's Calendar Chronological Research
When the Synchronous Chronological Data provided in the Books of Kings and Chronicles for the Divided Kingdom Period are measured in years of 336 days, the synchronisms actually align. [Refer to Appendix 5. to see how it synchronises the Divided Kingdom Period]
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|Petition UN about IRAN|
|Written on 12/16/05 at 19:21:40 AEST by R .P. BenDedek|
Simon Wiesenthal Centre http://www.wiesenthal.com/site/pp.asp?c=fwLYKnN8LzH&b=242023
is heading up a petition to the UN about Iran.
Petition to Dr. Jan Eliasson, President of the United Nations General Assembly
His Excellency Dr. Jan Eliasson
President, General Assembly
Not since Adolf Hitler, has the head of a sovereign state used his position to threaten the Jewish people with genocide. Today, for the first time, Iranian President, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad publicly denied the Holocaust by calling it a “myth” used by Europeans to create a Jewish state in the heart of the Islamic world.
While Germany and other governments have protested this outrage, it is up to the United Nations to take the lead in insuring that the Iranian regime’s genocidal hate has specific consequences. Dr. Jan Eliasson, as President of the United Nations General Assembly, we urge you to convene the 191 member states in order to censure Iran and to declare President Ahmadinejad persona non grata.
LINK to sign petition is
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