The King's Calendar' is a computer generated mathematical synchronous chronological presentation of the history of Ancient Israel, as principally recorded in the Biblical books of Kings and Chronicles, and sets forth Apologetics for and the results of R.P.BenDedek's discovery of an "artificial chronological scheme" running through the Books of the Bible, Josephus,the Damascus Documents of the Dead Sea Scrolls, and Seder Olam Rabbah.
This article consists primarily of a chart showing what the Seder Olam Rabbah records,
and how it is interpreted by the King's Calendar.
Text Details of Photograph Above.
KC1. Moses born 1523 BCE (Line 1015)
KC2. 1530 BCE - 1450 BCE Egyptian Bondage - Line 1022 to Line 936 SOR2. Bondage extended the 86 years of Miriam's lifetime
KC3. Sojourn in Egypt Commenced 1648 BCE Line 1150 - Levi born 1687 BCE Line 1193 SOR3. Levi was 44 years old when the Sojourn commenced. He was 5 years older than Joseph.
KC4. From Death of Levi to Expulsion of the Hyksos 3 solar years elapsed. Hyksos Expelled in 1554 BCE. Levi Died 1557 BCE SOR4. There arose a new king in Egypt who knew nothing of Joseph.
KC5. 1450 BCE was Last year of Egyptian Sojourn Line 936. Levi died 116 years earlier in 1557 BCE Line 1052 SOR5. From the Death of Levi to the Exodus, 116 years transpire.
KC6. Joseph Dies 1582 BCE Line 1079
KC7. Sojourn commenced 1648 BCE Line 1150 SOR7. Joseph was 39 years old when his forefathers entered Egypt.
KC8. Joseph saw Pharaoh in 1656 BCE Line 1159 SOR8. Joseph was 30 years of age when he spoke to Pharaoh.
KC9. Joseph was 12 Artificial or 11 solar years in prison 1667 - 1656 BCE SOR9. Joseph spent 12 years in Prison
KC10. 1668/1667 Lines 1172/1171 Joseph lived in Potiphar's home. SOR10. Joseph spent 12 months living in the home of Potiphar
KC11. Joseph was 17 years old when his mother died and he was sold into slavery 1668 BCE Line 1172 SOR11. Joseph 17 years old when Leah died and he was sold into slavery.
KC12. Joseph was born in 1683 BCE Line 1188
What is the Significance of this Comparison?
The chronology in this Section of the Seder Olam in relation to Joseph, completely dovetails with all other chronology found in the Bible and Josephus as seen through the eyes of the King's Calendar.
There is another significance, and that is that the Seder Olam Rabbah contains chronological information not found in the other records, for example, that the slavery in Egypt lasted for the duration of Miriam's life - 86 years.
Another example is that the references to Levi permits us, (through the lens of the King's Calendar) to make additional calculations pertinent to events for which currently we have no details. Those references for example, pinpoint the year that the Hyksos were expelled from Egypt - a date previously calculated by the King's Calendar using the chronologies of Josephus. The King Calendar had already calculated the chronologies of Joseph and other Patriarchs.
Abraham: 1915 BCE. to 1754 BCE
Isaac 1822 BCE to 1657 BCE
Jacob 1767 BCE to 1633 BCE
Joseph 1683 BCE to 1582 BCE
The Sojourn commenced 1648 BCE
The Exodus Occurred 1449 BCE
This section of the Seder Olam Rabbah confirms the authenticity of the King's Calendar reconstruction and the validity of the assertion that almost all Biblical References to years do not refer to periods of 365 days.
Other Events for this Time Period
Text Details from the Chart Above.
Asterisks are King's Calendar Dates.
1915 * Abraham Born 1822 * Isaac Born 1767 * Jacob Born 1720 Hyksos Invade Egypt 1683 * Joseph Born 1657 * Isaac Dies c.1650 Thera Destroyed 1649 * Famine Commences 1648 * Sojourn Commences 1633 * Jacob Dies 1595 Mesopotamia falls to Kassites 1582 * Joseph Dies 1573/40 Amosis drives Hyksos from Egypt (Various Opinions) 1553 * Hyksos Expelled 1539 Tuthmosis I raids through Syria 1523 * Moses is Born 1511 Tuthmosis III is born 1501 Tuthmosis III becomes infant Pharaoh 1480 The Orient in turmoil 1449 * Exodus
Definition: King's Calendar Chronological Research
The Premise: Between the 5th and 3rd centuries BCE (but continuing down to at least 104 BCE), Sectarian redactors transcribed the legitimate 'solar year' chronological records of Israel and Judah, into an artificial form, with listed years as each comprised of 12 months of 4 weeks of 7 days, or 336 days per year, thus creating a 13th artificial year where 12 solar years existed.
When the Synchronous Chronological Data provided in the Books of Kings and Chronicles for the Divided Kingdom Period are measured in years of 336 days, the synchronisms actually align. To see how effective this method is, SEE:Appendix 5: Diagrammatic Reconstruction of Israelite History from 936 to 586 BCE
The Principle of Linear Causality
The King's Calendar is a very simple approach to Biblical Chronology. It substitutes a value of 336 days for every year listed in Scripture. As far as the Divided Kingdom is concerned, when you use this 336 day year value, the synchronisms actually work. SEE:Appendix 5:[/URL] Diagrammatic Reconstruction of Israelite History from 936 to 586 BCE
Because it is a mathematical system, the King's Calendar must abide by certain mathematical rules, the most important of which, is that if you change any date for any day, month, or year every other day, month, or year is effected and must also change. It's like a 'domino effect'. Chronological references cannot be 'forced' to fit, and nor can they simply be ignored or 'compressed' as is the usual case with historians and archaeologists.
If any King's Calendar chronological determination disagrees with anything in the history books, it must argue the case as to why the history books are wrong, or why the evidence for an assertion is untrustworthy. If the King's Calendar successfully defends its' position, then the history books cannot be treated as definitive, and if the King's Calendar is 'proven' wrong, then every other chronological reference it provides is also wrong.
Because of this, the King's Calendar Chronological Reconstruction of Israel's history is unique, in that its' methodology can be scientifically (mathematically) tested and demonstrated to be either true or false. Its' chronological predictions are able to be 'proved' or 'disproved'.
General formula for Biblical Data conversion:
The formula for constructing the artificial calendar was:
'X' times 364 equals 'Y' days
'Y' days divided by 336 equals 'Z' artificial years.
'X' = any given number of 'real/solar' years
364 = perceived days in the sectarian calendar
'Y' = number of days calculated
336 = number of days in an artificial year
'Z' = artificial years = 1.083'X' and represents the original number of the converted years plus 8%.
To reverse the process by hand:
'Z' years times 336 equals 'Y' divided by 364 equals the Number of 'X' years converted.
SEE:Appendix 5: Diagrammatic Reconstruction of Israelite History from 936 to 586 BCE
More Seder Olam Articles after Bibliography:
Bibliography and related articles
Eisenman R.H., Wise.M. (1992) The Dead Sea Scrolls Uncovered U.K.Element Books. pp.92/93
Grimal.N. (1992, p. 392) Assumed to be from "A History of Ancient Egypt" [Reference not in K.C. Bibliography.]
Marston. C. (1935) The Bible is true: The lessons of the 1925-34 excavations in Bible lands summarized and explained. Australia. Angus and Robertson.
Dates for Nabopolassar & Nebuchadrezzar Kings of Babylon - and - Josiah and Jehoiakim Kings of Judah as per (Wiseman.D.J. (1961) Chronicles of the Chaldaean Kings (626-556 BC) in the British Museum. Trustees of the British Museum. London) Using Babylonian Chronicles B.M. 22047 (p.65) and BM 21946 (p.67) But with a one (1) year adjustment for the Reigns of Nabopolassar and Nebuchadrezzar.
607 bce - Sep - Nabopolassar engaged at Bit-Hanunia / Urartu - 18th year - B.M. 22047 Line 1-4
607 bce - Dec - Josiah's 31st year commences
607 bce - Dec/Jan - Nabopolassar returns to Babylon - B.M. 22047 Line 1-4
606 bce - May/Jun - Campaigning to the north - 19th year - B.M. 22047 Lines 5-7
606 bce - Jun/Jul - Nabopolassar returns to Babylon - B.M. 22047 Line 8
606 bce - Jul/Aug - Necho heads North for Carchemish
606 bce - Aug/Sep - Nebuchadrezzar returns to Babylon - B.M. 22047 Line 12
606 bce - Aug/Sep - Josiah of Judah slain
606 bce - Aug/Sep - Jehoahaz becomes king of Judah
606 bce - Sep/Oct - Nabopolassar Heads to Kimuhu - B.M. 22047 Line 12
606 bce - Nov - Nabopolassar captures Kimuhu - B.M. 22047 Line 14
606 bce - Nov - Jehoahaz deposed by Pharaoh Necho - taken to Riblah
606 bce - Nov - Jehoiakim commences - 1st Artificial year commences.
R.P.BenDedek is from Brisbane Australia and is the author of 'The King's Calendar: The Secret of Qumran' at http://www.kingscalendar.com His academic articles set forth Apologetics for and results of his discovery of an "artificial chronological scheme" running through the Bible, Josephus, the Damascus Documents of the Dead Sea Scrolls, and Seder Olam Rabbah.
He writes photographic 'Stories from China' and social editorial commentaries, both at KingsCalendar, and as a contributing newspaper columnist. He currently teaches Conversational English in China and in addition to his English Lessons at KingsCalendar, he has created specific sites for Students of English.