This article was first published many years ago on the old KingsCalendar website which is not that smartphone friendly. It concerns the KingsCalendar identification of the Teacher of Righteousness. (Most of the links used 10 years ago are no longer active.) This article only contains ‘PART B’ of the original article.
The original article was divided into two Parts:
Part A: Introduction
1. Primary Text Reading & the Dead Sea Scrolls
2. Khirbit Qumran and the Dead Sea Scrolls (Reference Material)
3. Who was the Teacher of Righteousness? (Reference Material)
This article concerns Part B.
The KingsCalendar Math and Science in Choosing Onias III
1. How to Interpret the Damascus Document Chronology
2. 390 years after the Exile
3. 20 years of Groping
4. The Period of Ministry
5. The Coming of Judgment
6. The KingsCalendar Position
7. Article Summary
There are two important points to note. Many academics state that there is no conclusive identification of any of the three choices for Teacher of Righteousness and that the dates given in the Damascus Document at face value…coincides very closely with the deposing of Onias III. (From Chapter One “The Dead Sea Scrolls Chapter Precis Page)
According to the experts, The Damascus Document speaks briefly of the origins of the sect, 390 years after the exile and after 20 years of ‘groping’ blindly for the way “God… raised for them a Teacher of Righteousness..”
Part B: 1.) How to Interpret the Damascus Document Chronology.
We start with two assumptions.
a. That we are correct to assign 586 BCE as the date of the Babylonian Exile.
b. That the chronology in the Damascus Document commences with the 586 BCE Babylonian Exile.
Part B: 2.) The 390 year ‘Age of Wrath’
According to the results of the KingsCalendar (see Appendix 12 Calendar: Chapter Precis Page) the 390 years after the Exile spoken of in the Damascus Document, takes us to the 336 day period between 15/5/227 and 17/4/226.
From the Exile in 586 BCE (Line ‘O’) there are 390 years ascribed to the Age of Wrath. This extends to and includes (Line 389) the Artificial year 15/5/227 to 17/4/226. (Line Numbers are indicated in appendix 12 on the Chapter Precis Page)
Part B: 3.) 20 years of Groping
According to the Damascus Document, from the end of the Age of Wrath, (227 / 226 BCE) there is a twenty year period of ‘Groping’ (to Line 409)
This extends to and includes the Artificial Year 31/10/209 to 2/10/208 after which time the ‘Teacher of Righteousness’ appears.
Knibb. M.A. (1987) [The Qumran Community. Cambridge University Press. p.20] believes this 390 years to have a spiritual not chronological application. He is, according to KingsCalendar math, obviously wrong.
In an article titled “The Dead Sea Scrolls-A New Interpretation by David Ramsay (originally at thescrollsandthesect.com/damascusdocument.htm) it was stated that Despite 50 years of effort no one has been able to find events that even remotely resemble those described in the Scroll around the year 207 BCE. According to KingsCalendar math, this is obviously wrong.
The KingsCalendar Mathematical projection for the chronology of the Damascus Document, one of so many Biblical and Non Canonical projections made between 104 BCE and 1915 BCE, aligns with known historical possibilities and appears to refer to High Priest Onias III.
Part B: 4.) The Period of Ministry.
In the Damacus Document no time is quoted for the length of the ministry of Onias III.
A. Onias III died or was murdered (whilst in exile subsequent to having been deposed and imprisoned) in 172/171 BCE.
B. That year is Line 449 in the King’s Calendar, or the artificial year 2/10/172 to 4/9/171.
C. Interestingly enough, from Line 409 to Line 449 is 40 artificial years.
From these perspectives we then see that there were:
a. 390 artificial years from the 586 BCE Exile till the formation of the Community.
b. 20 years of Groping in Darkness until the Teacher came
c. 40 years of the Teacher’s leadership.
d. A total of 450 years
Part B: 5.) The Coming of Judgment
The Damascus Document also records that from the Teachers Death until the Coming of Judgment (presumably the Messiah), there will extend a period of Forty (40) years.
Forty years from Onias’ death, (Line 489), takes us to the artificial year extending from 4/7/135 to 7/8/134.
During that year John Hyrcanus assumed the roles of ‘High Priest’ and ‘King’. (See: Vanderkam. J.C. (1994) The Dead Sea Scrolls Today Wm. B. Eerdmans. Pub Co. Michigan. p.105)
From the Destruction of the Temple until the Judgment, there elapse:
390 artificial years to the formation of the Community
20 years of Groping in Darkness until the Teacher came
40 years of the Teacher’s leadership.
40 years until Judgment
A total of 490 years.
490 years is a figure that does not escape anyone’s attention.
Part B: 6.) The KingsCalendar Position
As previously stated, the King’s Calendar operates from a mathematical premise, on the basis of Lineal causality, following scientific methodology. One can question the basic mathematical premise of the King’s Calendar, but one cannot dispute the results. The chronological assertions found in the Damascus Document of the Qumran Scrolls do make sense when used in a non conventional way.
On the issue of non conventional ways, it is worth noting some aspects of the Qumran community and the Teacher of Righteousness.
The Teacher of Righteousness …claimed to be an inspired interpreter of the prophets, as the one “to whom God made known all the mysteries of the words of his servants the prophets” (1QpHab 7:5).
The King’s Calendar position is that no one understands the chronological records of the Biblical and Non canonical books. Because they don’t seem to make sense it has been assumed that they are erroneous. (SEE: Biblical Infallibility, Divine Inspiration & Academic Deceit and Manipulation.)
Schonfeld (1984 p44) in relation to ‘ciphers’ suggests that the Chasidim may have influenced the Biblical texts more than we might appreciate, and that the Qumran scribes were expert at playing didactic games with ciphers. If unto the Teacher of Righteousness ‘G-d made known all the secrets of His servants the Prophets’, such didactic and other ciphers might be implied. (Schonfeld.H.J. (1984) The Essene Odyssey : the mystery of the true teacher and the Essene impact on the shaping of human destiny. U.K. Element books.)
Refer also to Wise et.al. 1996 p 172 on the community’s rewriting of scriptural portions – to p. 199 clarifying confusing chronology concerning Sinai and to pages 119 & 125 on the ‘pesher’ approach to biblical interpretations.’
It is evident from the King’s Calendar research that the use of the artificial chronological construct started prior to the creation of the Septuagint and continued until at least 104 BCE.
(The Septuagint mostly quotes the same artificial chronological data as the Masorete; and Josephus in Antiquities 13:11:1, quotes an artificial figure in relation to Aristobolus in 104 BCE (See No. 4 Math & Science : Section on The Parameters of Josephus’ References.)
It seems logical to assume that reference by the Qumran community to the Teacher of Righteousness teaching them secrets and mysteries, included the secret chronology.
The secret knowledge he taught them is specifically nominated to be in relation to calendrical systems (Talmon.S. (1989) The World of Qumran from Within. Jerusalem. Magnus Press. p.166). If the secret knowledge was in fact the ‘artificial calendar,’ by which their history might be truly put into perspective and by which some supernatural mathematical design might be made manifest, it might be assumed that as ‘high priest – the ‘Teacher’ was privy to the ‘secret’ and that when he was usurped in his high priestly office, the new ‘high priesthood’ was left out of the loop until eventually, knowledge of it was lost.
If indeed there descended from the ‘Teacher’s group,’ a variety of later sects, (See Wise Et Al 1996) it is apparent that not all sects were aware of the secret, elsewise it would not have remained secret. That it did continue to be used is evidenced by Josephus’ reference to Aristobolus and the restoration of the Monarchy. This figure being correct within the artificial calendar indicates post-104 BCE knowledge and use of it. No. 4 Math & Science Josephus and the Hyksos
(Wise.M., Abegg.M., Cook.J.R., Cook.E. (1996) Dead Sea Scrolls: A comprehensive translation of the controversial ancient scrolls with material never published or translated before now, and including the most recently released texts. Hodder & Stoughton – Aust )
For a more complete discussion on this topic, go to: Chapter 1 on the Precis Page
Part B: 7.) Article Summary
The King’s Calendar makes no effort to interpret archaeological or historical data in order to make it fit a preferred chronology.
The King’s Calendar is purely mathematical, accepting all data at face value (336 day years).
It collates synchronous chronological references, and applies that data using a scientific methodology to determine the result.
The result in this case, (based upon currently accepted history), demonstrates that the Qumran community’s chronological references to the Teacher of Righteousness, are valid for Onias III.